1 But Jesus went to the Mount of Olives.1 2 Early in the morning he came to the temple courts again. All the people came to him, and he sat down and began to teach2 them. 3 The experts in the law3 and the Pharisees4 brought a woman who had been caught committing adultery. They made her stand in front of them 4 and said to Jesus,5 “Teacher, this woman was caught in the very act of adultery. 5 In the law Moses commanded us to stone to death6 such women.7 What then do you say?” 6 (Now they were asking this in an attempt to trap him, so that they could bring charges against8 him.)9 Jesus bent down and wrote on the ground with his finger.10 7 When they persisted in asking him, he stood up straight11 and replied,12 “Whoever among you is guiltless13 may be the first to throw a stone at her.” 8 Then14 he bent over again and wrote on the ground.
9 Now when they heard this, they began to drift away one at a time, starting with the older ones,15 until Jesus was left alone with the woman standing before him. 10 Jesus stood up straight16 and said to her, “Woman,17 where are they? Did no one condemn you?” 11 She replied, “No one, Lord.” And Jesus said, “I do not condemn you either. Go, and from now on do not sin any more.”]]18
Jesus as the Light of the World
12 Then Jesus spoke out again,19 “I am the light of the world.20 The one who follows me will never21 walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.” 13 So the Pharisees22 objected,23 “You testify about yourself; your testimony is not true!”24 14 Jesus answered,25 “Even if I testify about myself, my testimony is true, because I know where I came from and where I am going. But you people26 do not know where I came from or where I am going.27 15 You people28 judge by outward appearances;29 I do not judge anyone.30 16 But if I judge, my evaluation is accurate,31 because I am not alone when I judge,32 but I and the Father who sent me do so together.33 17 It is written in your law that the testimony of two men is true.34 18 I testify about myself35 and the Father who sent me testifies about me.”
19 Then they began asking36 him, “Who is your father?” Jesus answered, “You do not know either me or my Father. If you knew me you would know my Father too.”37 20 (Jesus38 spoke these words near the offering box39 while he was teaching in the temple courts.40 No one seized him because his time41 had not yet come.)42
Where Jesus Came From and Where He is Going
21 Then Jesus43 said to them again,44 “I am going away, and you will look for me45 but will die in your sin.46 Where I am going you cannot come.” 22 So the Jewish leaders47 began to say,48 “Perhaps he is going to kill himself, because he says, ‘Where I am going you cannot come.’” 23 Jesus replied,49 “You people50 are from below; I am from above. You people are from this world; I am not from this world. 24 Thus I told you51 that you will die in your sins. For unless you believe that I am he,52 you will die in your sins.”
25 So they said to him, “Who are you?” Jesus replied,53 “What I have told you from the beginning. 26 I have many things to say and to judge54 about you, but the Father55 who sent me is truthful,56 and the things I have heard from him I speak to the world.”57 27 (They did not understand that he was telling them about his Father.)58
28 Then Jesus said,59 “When you lift up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am he,60 and I do nothing on my own initiative,61 but I speak just what the Father taught me.62 29 And the one who sent me is with me. He has not left me alone,63 because I always do those things that please him.” 30 While he was saying these things, many people64 believed in him.
Abraham’s Children and the Devil’s Children
31 Then Jesus said to those Judeans65 who had believed him, “If you continue to follow my teaching,66 you are really67 my disciples 32 and you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.”68 33 “We are descendants69 of Abraham,” they replied,70 “and have never been anyone’s slaves! How can you say,71 ‘You will become free’?” 34 Jesus answered them, “I tell you the solemn truth,72 everyone who practices73 sin is a slave74 of sin. 35 The slave does not remain in the family75 forever, but the son remains forever.76 36 So if the son77 sets you free, you will be really free. 37 I know that you are Abraham’s descendants.78 But you want79 to kill me, because my teaching80 makes no progress among you.81 38 I am telling you the things I have seen while with the82 Father;83 as for you,84 practice the things you have heard from the85 Father!”
39 They answered him,86 “Abraham is our father!”87 Jesus replied,88 “If you are89 Abraham’s children, you would be doing90 the deeds of Abraham. 40 But now you are trying91 to kill me, a man who has told you92 the truth I heard from God. Abraham did not do this!93 41 You people94 are doing the deeds of your father.”
Then95 they said to Jesus,96 “We were not born as a result of immorality!97 We have only one Father, God himself.” 42 Jesus replied,98 “If God were your Father, you would love me, for I have come from God and am now here.99 I100 have not come on my own initiative,101 but he102 sent me. 43 Why don’t you understand what I am saying? It is because you cannot accept103 my teaching.104 44 You people105 are from106 your father the devil, and you want to do what your father desires.107 He108 was a murderer from the beginning, and does not uphold the truth,109 because there is no truth in him. Whenever he lies,110 he speaks according to his own nature,111 because he is a liar and the father of lies.112 45 But because I am telling you113 the truth, you do not believe me. 46 Who among you can prove me guilty114 of any sin?115 If I am telling you116 the truth, why don’t you believe me? 47 The one who belongs to117 God listens and responds118 to God’s words. You don’t listen and respond,119 because you don’t belong to God.”120
48 The Judeans121 replied,122 “Aren’t we correct in saying123 that you are a Samaritan and are possessed by a demon?”124 49 Jesus answered, “I am not possessed by a demon,125 but I honor my Father – and yet126 you dishonor me. 50 I am not trying to get127 praise for myself.128 There is one who demands129 it, and he also judges.130 51 I tell you the solemn truth,131 if anyone obeys132 my teaching,133 he will never see death.”134
52 Then135 the Judeans136 responded,137 “Now we know you’re possessed by a demon!138 Both Abraham and the prophets died, and yet139 you say, ‘If anyone obeys140 my teaching,141 he will never experience142 death.’143 53 You aren’t greater than our father Abraham who died, are you?144 And the prophets died too! Who do you claim to be?” 54 Jesus replied,145 “If I glorify myself, my glory is worthless.146 The one who glorifies me is my Father, about whom you people147 say, ‘He is our God.’ 55 Yet148 you do not know him, but I know him. If I were to say that I do not know him,149 I would be a liar like you. But I do know him, and I obey150 his teaching.151 56 Your father Abraham was overjoyed152 to see my day, and he saw it and was glad.”153
57 Then the Judeans154 replied,155 “You are not yet fifty years old!156 Have157 you seen Abraham?” 58 Jesus said to them, “I tell you the solemn truth,158 before Abraham came into existence,159 I am!”160 59 Then they picked up161 stones to throw at him,162 but Jesus hid himself and went out from the temple area.163